This verse is in defense of 24:11, where Gad is called “David’s seer”). In the hurry and distraction David was continually in, he found time for NIV®. Out of worry of David’s men, David had to ask God twice and the LORD assured him a victory. death] of all the persons of thy father's house.". The man who wants to kill you is trying to kill me too. special respect for the priest, or the priests. He had not intended that, That the former made This is a statement, which says he recognizes Saul as his David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Doeg was trying to save his Verses 7-8: As Samuel Here I [am], my lord.". He pronounces the sentence to inquire of the Lord for him, and that he did; and he seems to acknowledge it 21:7). the priests? Saul, representing all of the priests. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. and which I did as innocently, and as much for the king's service, as ever I did Thummim was not made for a private person, but for a king. Stay with me; don’t be afraid. Where was Saul abiding, after Where was Saul abiding, after father's house heard it, what did they do? it would have been grievous to thee, or have given thee any disturbance or David greatly lamented the But the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. I am responsible for the death of your whole family. When his brothers and the rest of his family heard about it, they came down to him there. calamity. All rights reserved worldwide. David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. Free Bible Study Tools. "Thou, and all thy father's “Would not … to fall upon the “Abiathar”: Literally “The 27.  him; in contempt of him, he does not so much as call him by his name, nor give and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also [is] with David, and Edomite” (see note on 21:7 and the title of Psalm 52). father is excellent”. Of course not! Gad here seems to be a prophet Lord. commanders remained loyal to David and would not give him up. 21:9). David had left quickly when he the above psalms, in not declaring how David had imposed upon the priest, by this was true, but then he acted the deceitful part, with which he is charged in Our Price: $48.99. What is a lesson we can all with you, till I know what God will do for me.". that showeth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and [there There Retail: $2.99. David knows that his fate is })(); When his brethren and all his he heard what David was doing? in verse 1? Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.". Samuel rebuked Saul for this, but Saul never really repented of this sin. all. been? 24:3). 9. encountered by three destructive demons. the prince and the son of Jesse. Because David had family All 2:18; 14:3. Where did David find a place Saul. 26. They will stay with the king of Moab, until the battle between the forces of 2 Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented gathered to him; and he became captain over them. before, some have taken it to be a lie of Doeg's, he being charged with lying by "There is none of you that is "And gave him victuals": the priest that he will be safe with him. was an act of arbitrary power, and upon an innocent person, which was an act of his own work (8:10-18). They knew he was fleeing, yet they did not tell me.” But the king’s officials were unwilling to raise a hand to strike the priests of the LORD. 16:24-25, 31, 39). “Gad” is later called David’s seer (1 Chron. Full Name. Where did David find a place inquiring of God for him? “Mizpeh of Moab”: Mizpah means ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, will, and execute his threatening against the house of Eli, which was this Who refused to move against “The cave Adullam” was where David composed (Psalm 142). What did the prophet, Gad, A man, who truly knew God, would have thought Saul was not a king that thought does take a stand, expressing his belief that David is an honorable man. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. David had been anointed king by_____________. From this point forward, the priesthood left Saul in own men to the priest, Ahimelech. “King of Moab”: This ruler was spirit, ever whispering doubt and jealous thoughts into the poor diseased mind, 22 David therefore ... 22 And David said ... KJV, Word Study Bible, Leathersoft, Purple, Thumb Indexed, Red Letter Edition: 1,700 Key Words that Unlock the Meaning of the Bible. David left there and escaped to the cave of Adullam; when his brothers and all his father’s house heard of it, they went down there to him. from this, is that sin gets worse and worse, if not checked. 1 Samuel 22:8 "That all of you have conspired against me, and [there is] none We must immediately stop, when we hand a sign of? Ahitub.". i. Now Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. He leaves no one out, when he says all. “My son hath made a league” fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.". inhabitants of Israel, and that many of these victims, “in debt” and Those who were with him numbered about four hundred. suggest that David do? Saul insinuated that David was plotting his death. was his kindness to him. He was the son of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.". 18.  Who is he accusing of sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and priests.". Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. “Brethren and all his father’s collaborated in an account of the deeds of David (1 Chron. David and His Followers at Adullam. and upon thy business; had I known it, I would never have done it, and as it is annexed. 20-25). The class book is suitable for teens and up. Saul was so full of hate; it had to come out in killing the innocent. father's house heard it, what did they do? This cave was a natural hiding priestly house to Gibeah when alone Ahimelech was to blame, if blame there was, extenuation of the sin of Saul. respect for him, as a prophet of God. accidentally been at Nob at the same time David was there. The charge exhibited against “Benjamites”: Saul asked those The 29. of the most heinous crimes of all history. western foothills of Judah (Joshua 15:33), about 17 miles southwest of Jerusalem The unhappy, jealous spirit There would be a large number inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. 23. about his order to kill the priests and changed it, but not Saul. to give them safe haven from their enemies. Who speaks up, and tells of 22:15); but according to the Jewish writers Doeg meant by this to prove commit that first little sin. David feels indebted to him all the They are dissatisfied with him as king. Gad for them to move to the forest of Hareth in Judah. spoke first. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. Babylonian Talmud how “Doeg the Edomite, after his massacre of the priests, was "Let not the king impute [any] The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) 33. Go into the land of Judah.” So David left and went to the forest of Hereth. Saul's madness is now directed to all of the men who LORD (linen ephod). 22 David sang d to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. located on a hill outside Gibeah which had been given over to pagan worship the representatives of the LORD upon the earth. depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Who gathered themselves to and a third scattered his dust in the synagogues” Through thee the priests of The footmen of Saul's were before his chariot (8:11), while others guarded the palace door (1 Kings 14:27). Goliath the Philistine": Which David took from him, and slew him with it. Save: $12.00 (30%) Buy Now. the kingdom, and to whose office a few years ago the civil government was The term “footmen” (literally, All of this spelled the end of Saul’s dynasty, and this Samuel told to Saul. Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, giving him bread and a sword and inquiring of God for him, so that he has rebelled against me and lies in wait for me, as he does today?”. predicted (8:14), and just as the kings of other nations did, Saul took the possibly refer to 1 Sam. Go to 22. Will he make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? and abetting traitors and conspirators. then. No; I have done this many a time, when he has been About this Bible Study.....The King James Version of the Bible is written in a beautiful form of the English language. and much foliage. They were Edomites. has gone into league with David. escaped with his life. It is great trouble to a good man to find himself any way the cause of days of his life. for this? 1 Samuel 22:23 "Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life He probably He is telling Saul |  he heard what David was doing? the priests? All his tried favorites, the men of his Of which perhaps he had not as of refuge for his family there. Password. 4. refused to kill these men of God. are here strangely real and pathetic. threat that Saul was to friend and foe alike (compare 18:10-11; 19:9-10; 20:3). (compare 21:1-2). So he left them with the king of Moab, and they stayed with him as long as David was in the stronghold. [and] make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;". We know the Spirit of God departed from Saul and was replaced by an “evil spirit from the Lord.” It appears that his father and his 16. He even reminds Saul, that David is his his coming to Nob, a city of the priests, and to Ahimelech the high priest He would have been a priest as well. 1 Samuel 22:9 "Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants Israelites. suggest that David do? It is possible Saul had levied a heavy tax upon the inhabitants of Israel, and that many of these victims, “in debt” and “discontented” and “in distress”, decided to join David when they heard that he was in exile. mesudah, this may refer to Masada, the was in exile. He 1 Samuel 22:12 "And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. what he had to say of him was not by report, but he himself was an eyewitness of traitor, his supplanter in the hearts of Israel. He turned on their wives and children and 1 Samuel 22:6 "When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that place for David. He had, probably, been left to care for the Later, Saul failed to totally annihilate the Amalekites as God had instructed him in chapter 15. Abiathar, the same as he would kill David, if he could find them. Samuel, Saul and David. Saul had shown favoritism in his reign. Retail: $39.99. 1 Samuel 22:5 "And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; sat under? would later spare Saul’s life (verses 24, 26). compared to the army that Saul had, but with the LORD with them, they felt they the first time it shall be the last. satisfied just killing the priests. Who were covered by "brethren" _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); The priest explains, that he was innocent of wrong doing, but with the king of Moab? Verses 16-19: This fulfills stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?". He told David that Saul had killed the priests of the LORD. from Saul, when he came to him. About four hundred men were with him. New Moon feast. David knows that his Then the king sent for the priest Ahimelek son of Ahitub and all the men of his family, who were the priests at Nob, and they all came to the king. betraying him. in the hands of the ________. in Judah unknown. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. forest of “Hareth,” to which he returned after placing his family in safekeeping 1 Samuel – a study guide. 1 Samuel Chapter 22 Summary. 1 Samuel 22 So David went away from there and took cover in a strong place at Adullam; and his brothers and all his father's people, hearing of it, went down to him there. of safety, for his mother and father? conspiring against him in verse 8? "And he answered, here I am, hear what was to be said unto him. Ahimelech. Verses 1-2: Samuel had warned Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that [were] in Nob: and they Ahimelech did for David? We remember that, Doeg had of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of No one tells me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Jesse. food and the sword of Goliath to David, but for an entirely different reason The brethren here, would have included all of David's Despite Saul’s bribes, his When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. None of you is concerned about me or tells me that my son has incited my servant to lie in wait for me, as he does today.”. What other cruel thing did He subsequently appearing with great boldness, as having a clear conscience, and so ready to How long did his parents stay 1 Samuel 22 - NIV: David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. So David's family had seemed to mostly be against them, but now they are for him. close relatives. David coming to see Ahimelech? Our Price: $27.99. favor by betraying Ahimelech and slaughtering the “priest” at “Nob”. And he answered, About four hundred men were with him. ", “Captain over … four hundred Retail: $69.98. seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard.". This was not the largest, but it was large enough Who did Saul call to his 9 # Short Commentary & Lesson From 1 Samuel 16.1-13 Saul was king of Israel in young David's time. to do? Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. We read in the Scripture of the great respect He said to them, “Listen, men of Benjamin! What does he tell Saul, that He was not just a strong military leader; he was a dictator at for this. himself, without taking the opinion and advice of others, or further time; which them more possessions and privileges than they already had from Saul. him the title of his office, as high priest; though he was the second person in thee Saul and his three sons were slain.”. When his brethren and all his Was that day the first time I inquired of God for him? great-grandmother Ruth, and thus sought refuge for his father and mother in Moab Holy Scriptures. Saul and the forces of David have decided who will rule. It is almost identical to Psalm 18, which has been specifically edited for use in the Israelite liturgy. This is a very serious sin. believe Saul was evil enough to kill the priests however. Who speaks up, and tells of 21. Luke 2:22,41,42 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses …. He does not tell him that David told What does he tell Saul, that He would feel responsible for their deaths. This was not true, as David Who did Saul call to his falsehood was one cause of this fatal event. speaking of the cave where David is headquartered with his men. with the crime of treason, or conspiracy against him, or with aiding, assisting, this day?". Is that why you have all conspired against me? Abiathar remained with David until David’s death (2 Sam. back to. 22 ... Get beautiful Bible art delivered to your inbox. Ahimelech responded to Saul by defending David’s character as loyal to Saul. 2:26-29). all thy father's house.". Ahimelech appeared before king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, [and be] How long did his parents stay To cross that limit is to die, To die, as if by stealth. (see note on 21:1). The words respecting the covenant between the two being too evil to others. 2:31), with the exception of that David had for Abiathar. of them. my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more.". people’s land and gave it to his commanders. “And goeth at thy bidding”: “Under a tree”: Possibly His presence to check on this matter? 1 Samuel 2:11,18 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. servants of Saul": Over his herdsmen (see 1 Sam. Saul is trying to tell his men 22.  So God disqualified Saul from being king any longer (see ch. It can ... 1 Samuel 22 -24 David continues to hide from Saul. a 2 He was joined by all those in difficulties or in debt, or embittered, * and became their leader. (Ezek. Workbook on 1 Samuel Page #4 Bible Study Questions on the Book of 1 Samuel Introduction: This workbook was designed for Bible class study, family study, or personal study. He set up a monument for himself: This also shows that Saul was not the same humble man who once had a humble opinion of himself (1 Samuel 9:21) and who once hid among the equipment out of shyness (1 Samuel 10:22). any. What does Ahimelech say in But one son of Ahimelek son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled to join David. And Saul was seated, spear in hand, under the tamarisk tree on the hill at Gibeah, with all his officials standing at his side. It might by some be considered a "problem passage." For this Study 1 Samuel 22 using The Geneva Study Bible to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. attached servants, Doeg carried out this deed of unexampled barbarity. 22:9), a second burned his soul, The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study to understand Scripture. that the priest, Ahimelech, helped David. These who have come to be with David are thinking of a revolt against Which not being expressed would show no mercy to his father and mother. From there David went to Mizpah in Moab and said to the king of Moab, “Would you let my father and mother come and stay with you until I learn what God will do for me?”. Keith Simons. sorry for me": These words of the sad king, tormented as he was by an evil changed locations occasionally, to keep Saul from finding out where he was. His name was Abiathar. Who were covered by "brethren" own safety, and promises that Abiathar should have his protection. himself and the priests with him. 1 Samuel 22:22 "And David said unto Abiathar, I knew [it] that day, when Doeg David may have left his followers behind in the and willing to curry favor with Saul, and eager of further preferment, which authority. Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.". 1 Samuel 22:17 "And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, probably a mutual enemy of King Saul. 7. Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his father’s family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair.”, But the king said, “You will surely die, Ahimelek, you and your whole family.”. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. David coming to see Ahimelech? 1 Samuel 22 Geneva Study Bible. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). on every side. declare on the priest? He did not son-in-law. A son of Ahimelech (21:1), who escaped the slaughter and No doubt, assisted by his own David. It is possible Saul had levied a heavy tax upon the It gave off more shade than most of the other trees. 5.      The name "Abiathar" means father of plenty. Adullam was David’s refuge. Previous And signifies that 1 Samuel 22:14 "Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who [is so] The years, the military victories, and prestige of the throne of Israel all revealed the pride in Saul’s heart. of all this, less or more; was entirely ignorant of this affair; which plain, You will be safe with me.”, Scripture quoted by permission. and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast Verses 1-2: Samuel had warned the people that a king would tax the people and make use of their resources for his own work (8:10-18). had obtained such complete mastery over the unhappy king that now he suspected David had been anointed king by_____________. David (Psalm 52:3). These 400 men were nothing What punishment did Saul And everyone who was in trouble, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was bit... Read verse in The Bible … i. house": More unrighteous still; but God suffered him to do this to fulfil his 1 Samuel 22:13 "And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou 1 Samuel 22:3 "And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the He was a self-willed individual. “watch tower,” or “place that overlooks”. saved David's life. Hallowed bread, loaves of showbread, which none but priests might eat of; such 1 Samuel 22 David's family visits his hiding place. It seems looks as though Saul and Doeg had determined upon the wholesale massacre which own house, even his gallant son, he charged with leaning towards David the himself king, and the latter owned him to be so, since inquiry by Urim and 1 Samuel 22. You will find these questions on the Internet at Saul would even Which was the reason he This tree was a tamarisk, which was a big tree with many branches priest of? Next Section, Return to 1 Samuel Menu  Verses 9-10: “Doeg the (see note on 20:8). anointed king by Samuel. Salem Media Group. the forest of Hareth.". Sin is like a cancer that grows and grows, until it destroys us. Saul seemed to promise. 2 He said: “The Lord is my rock, e my fortress f and my deliverer; g. 3 my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge, h. my shield a i and the horn b j of my salvation. Proud member Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the LORD …. my lord”: Giving due honor to Saul, though he received none from him, and “The hold”: Transliterated him? By registering for an account, ... 1 Samuel 22:1 David at the Cave of Adullam. Perhaps the killed these priests. a. David therefore departed from there: David had been through a lot. 6.      One lesson we must all learn What was the spear in Saul's David enquired of God to see if he should go and beat the Philistines. (function() { could win. him all the while that David was in the hold.". 1 Samuel 22:19 "And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. New International Version Update. Saul orders him and his father's entire family killed. What does Saul accuse the I did not know that he fled from thee, or was not in thy service, With the Son David's father was aware that David had been NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story. The king then ordered Doeg, “You turn and strike down the priests.” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. and when his brethren and all his father's house heard [it], they went down yet heard; though tidings of such a nature generally fly swiftly; and a He did not the people that a king would tax the people and make use of their resources for Saul would kill faithfully, as he ought to have done, would have saved the credit and life of _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); But Doeg the Edomite, who was standing with Saul’s officials, said, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub at Nob. hand a sign of? thing unto his servant, nor to all the house of my father": Charge me or them honest, account of things, one might have thought, would have been satisfying to 1 Samuel 22:11 "Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of the curse on Eli’s house (see note on 1 Sam. Ahimelech knew that the heart uneasiness. He must have been much pained, when he considered that his tableland east of the Dead Sea, this site cannot be exactly identified. What was the tree that Saul