The full utilization of tasar silkworm cocoons as different marketable products and such an integrated operation can certainly make the Sericulture Here is your notes on sericulture! PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Short notes on mulberry and non mulberry silk varieties, Brief note on different types of Silk worms, Everything you ought to know about Sericulture, Short notes on the economics of fish farming, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. Sericulture, the practice of breeding silkworms for the production of raw silk, has been underway for at least 5,000 years in China, from where it spread to Korea and Japan, and later to India and the West. The Nets helps in uniform cocoon formation and maintain sanitized conditions for superior growth. These threads are often plied together to form a yarn. India enjoys the unique distinction of being the only country in the world to produce all four varieties of silk viz.  Also known as Endi or Errandi. Sericulture involves a large scale of interdependent technologies from which results different by-products and wastes, such as perforated silk cocoons, B. mori chrysalides, bedding left-over (larval dejections and mulberry plant waste), superseded cocoons, surplus mulberry leaf, springs, root and wood biomass, mulberry fruits, and so on. ... Those who set up business as exporters of silk products can have good gains. Although honey is an important ingredient in many food dishes, beeswax holds a lot of commercial significance too. These filaments are twisted into a thread with the help of a series of guides and pulleys. It can be used in the production of vitamins (K and E), in the manufacture of acid resistant plastic sheets etc. Some important challenges faced in sericulture are listed below. Special brushes pick up the edges of the fibers and the reeling process begins. This core is surrounded by a layer of sericin (which makes up the remaining 20% of silk). Top colleges/ universities in India for Sericulture. Sericulture scheme is implemented by Rural Development Department. Moriculture – the cultivation of mulberry leaves. Eri silkworm.  Ericulture is a household activity practiced mainly for protein rich pupae, a delicacy for the tribal. To learn more about sericulture and other related concepts, such as the life cycle of the silkworm, register with BYJU’S and download the mobile application on your smartphone. Some mites produce a toxic substance that kills silkworms. (a) The fruit is aromatic, cooling, laxative, removes thirst and good in the treatment of fevers. They are also prone to many health hazards. Sericulture and Silk Production The ancient technique of rearing silkworms for production of silk yarn (and weaving it into expensive cloth) is widely practiced today. At this stage, the body of the silkworm shrinks and becomes translucent. Manufacture of garlands – The remains of the cocoon after the removal of silk threads can be fashioned into garlands. Since then, it has been producing products, such as silkworm powder for reducing blood glucose levels, silkworm dongchunghacho (cordyceps), which is effective to cure cancer and strengthen the immune system, silk cosmetics, silk soap, silk toothpaste and ice cream of mulberry leaf that encourage the growth of silkworm farmers in some Asian countries particularly in Korea. It holds promise as an employment generating industry, especially in rural and semi urban areas. Since then, it has been producing products like; mulberry fruit juice to get rid of impurities from the body and to cure heart problems, dried fruit powder -mutagen which can inhibit the mutation of healthy normal cells into cancerous cells, Silkworm’s eggs processed into proteic extract having hepatoproteanic action, silkworm pupal oil having anti-inflammator and anti-tumefying like effects and so on. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. This saliva solidifies and becomes silk when it comes in contact with air. The demand is getting increased abroad too. All these species are of medicinal value. While the major producers are in Asia (90% of mulberry production and almost 100% of non-mulberry silk), sericulture industries have been lately established in Brazil, Bulgaria, Egypt and Madagascar as well. Management of Silkworm Rearing. Application: Mounting & production of cocoon. Finally, the silk filaments are woven together to form a thread. India and China are the world’s leading producers of silk. The main product in silk industry is the production of thread obtained from the cocoons. Branch cutting – removal of the entire branch. About 1 million workers are employed in the silk sector in China. They may also start giving off an unpleasant odour. Each type of silk has a distinct colour, as tabulated below. Thus, raw silk is obtained from the silkworm and the sericulture process is completed. A feeding bed is prepared on a rearing tray by sprinkling chopped mulberry leaves onto it. So, starting a farm of Sericulture is highly beneficial as there are very good profits in this industry. It is known that this feed increases the milk yield. This is oil which can be extracted from the dead pupae. As they grow, their appetite slowly diminishes until their active stage. Leaf picking – the removal of individual leaves by hand. 1.2 Multipurpose use of sericulture Apart from silk, there are several other bye-products from sericulture. Besides that, we also obtain beeswax through beekeeping. The most important as well as precarious stage of sericulture is the production of healthy and disease-free eggs and it plays a vital role on which the suc­cess of the industry depends. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and Tasar… Cocoon production increased from 31 MT during 1995-96 to PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. The mulberry plant which is the main stay of silk worm moth has a number of uses. This process is called stifling. The technologies connected with sericulture, embroidery, fabric dyeing were widespread. Any larvae affected by this disease develop dark spots and become lethargic. 2. Silk reeling – the extraction of silk filaments from the silkworm cocoons. The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture. Viral infections in the larvae may result in the shrinkage of their bodies. This method of producing silk did not involve the boiling of silkworm pupae and, therefore, did not violate the Ahimsa philosophy. Sericulture is an important agro-based, labour intensive and export oriented cottage industry. Sericulture Manufacturer of a wide range of products which include plastic mountages, plastic chandrika, plastic collapsible mountages, sericulture plastic mountage, sericulture net and plastic mountage. It is the art and science of silkworm breeding for producing silks. The mulberry leaves can be harvested from the plants via the following methods: It is interesting to note that 1 kilogram of mulberry leaves can feed approximately 50 silkworms (from the egg stage to the cocoon stage). These eggs (laid on a paper/cardboard sheet) are then disinfected with the help of a 2% formalin solution. Moriculture refers to the cultivation of mulberry plants, whose leaves are used as silkworm feed. Also, the effectiveness of such a holistic utilization of bi-products demand, exhaustively utility knowledge, and allied optimizations. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Also, several pests threaten the healthy growth of silkworm larvae. After reaching maturity, the larvae begin searching for hospitable places to begin their pupation. Sericulture and cocoon production have seen dramatic decline in recent years. Mahatma Gandhi actively promoted the use of Ahimsa silk (or peace silk). Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). The harvesting of silk from these cocoons is the final stage of sericulture. In addition the silk industry can produce a number of byproducts. It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and Tasar) are also cultivated for the production of ‘wild silks’. Raw Silk is the main Sericulture product that derives from the cocoon reeling process. In India, there is a very good demand for silk. Its leaves are used to feed the silkworms which in turn produce silk fiber. The boiling of silkworm cocoons in the sericulture process has come under severe criticism from several individuals and organizations. Silkworms are vulnerable to several diseases such as pebrine and flacherie. The hatched larvae are transferred into this tray via a process known as brushing. The by-products presently felt as wastes, can put to better use in generating the value-based products and thereby catapult the industry to a more profitable and economically viable spot. Sericulture combines agriculture and also the industry. Silk cannot be reeled from these damaged cocoons. The mulberry fruits are rich in minerals and vitamins and from the roots, barks and mulberry leaves several ayurvedic and herbal medicines are prepared. Besides provid­ing field and educational trainings, Regional Exten­sion Centres and Technical Service Centres of both State and Central Sericulture Boards supply advanced-staged larvae to the rearers; rearing appliances and other raw materials like mulberry … Lately, the rural agro-based sericulture industry has moved beyond the mere production of textile significant silk to the supply of food supplements and biocompatible matrices of pharmaceutical interest. There are many species of silkworms, which are used for commercial purpose, but the caterpillar of the silkworm, which is domesticated (also called … Cultivation to feed the silkworms that spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons to unwind the silk filament for value added advantages like process and weaving are the major activities of sericulture. Sericulture is labour-intensive. Silkworm rearing – promoting the growth of the silkworm. Process Moriculture Silkworm Rearing Silk Reeling Challenges Faced in Sericultre. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. EDP in Sericulture: Introduction, EDP in Mulberry Nursery, CRC’S, Grainage and Sil reeling and few success stories in sericulture. Silk is a fiber made up two different proteins – sericin and fibroin. This is due to the massive quantum of bi-product generated in the sericulture sector and its allied suitability towards numerous commercial exploits. First, the pupae inside the cocoon are killed by boiling the cocoon and exposing it to steam and dry heat. However, some varieties of silkworm can take up to 4 days to spin their cocoons. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, Our mission is to liberate knowledge. For utilization of by-products generated from sericulture, in-depth research towards utility and optimization is the prime need in placing this industry on a sound footing. Approximately 80% of silk fiber is made up of fibroin, which is concentrated at the core. Prior to this process the cocoons are inserted in hot water where Sericin – the main Silk protein – expands and softens. TOS Disclaimer The presence of pigments (such as xanthophyll) in the sericin layer of the fiber imparts colour to the silk. (c) Leaves in the form of decoction are used to gorgle in the treat­ment of inflammation of the vocal cards. This silk is then re-boiled in order to improve its luster. The sericulture is an important cottage industry, but is now the basis of large industries in China, Japan, India and some European countries, where the silkworm, Bombyx mori is reared on mulberry leaves on a mass scale to get raw silk from the cocoons of the caterpillars of the moth. Inside the cocoons, the larvae undergo metamorphosis and turn into pupae. 3. However, over 900 meters of filament can be obtained from a single cocoon.  In India, this culture is practiced … Sericulture Nets are easy to clean and can be re-used multiple times for harvesting. Silk is the raw product in the industry of Sericulture. Entrepreneurship Development (EDP):Introduction, Scope for Self employment i Sericulture and Govt. Sericulture is mostly practiced in China, India and Japan. The productive acreage was 555 acres up to 2001-2002 and during the X plan period it increased to 3351 acres. (iii) Mulberry leaves constitute a good cattle feed. The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture. Besides using the leaves, mulberry bears sweet fruit. There is a huge NetPro's Sericulture Net as widely used in the Sericulture Industries. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. At this stage, the silkworm eats enthusiastically until its final feeding stage. Over Rs. Many agricultural implements can also be fashioned out of the stem. Other viral infections such as cytoplasmic polyhedrosis can cause the larvae to lose their appetites. These cuttings may be directly planted or first kept in nurseries and then transplanted. It is used in the manufacture of soaps. Sericulture is an agro-based industry. One thread of silk contains approximately 50 silk filaments. There are four species of mulberry – Morus acedosa, M.alba, M. indica and M. nigra. By products o silkworm rearing and their utilization. Project Report on Sericulture Project Report on Sericulture includes Present Market Position and Expected Future Demand, Technology, Manufacturing Process, Investment Opportunity, Plant Economics and Project Financials. mulberry,tasar,eri, and muga. For the production of mulberry silk, the sericulture process follows three primary steps. The silkworms are being cultivated in this process. Bees produce honey from the sugary secretions of plants. Cocoon production occurs mostly in parts of central Japan. Silkworm eggs are also called seeds and for sericulture purpose the eggs are classified into two groups, viz., Reproductive seed and Industrial/Commercial seed. In simpler terms, the sericulture sector could now be transformed into a multi-functional industry via thoughtful value addition to secondary products and appropriate waste management. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. The sericulture industry is unique for more than one reasons and now it has become a major cash crop of the country. Schemes for financial assistance. There is a series of products that are produced in intensive Sericulture: Raw Silk Organic Fertilizers – Compost Biomass Animal Feeds Silk Proteins – Sericin Here, cuttings that are approximately 22 centimeters in length, containing at least 3 buds, are extracted from the stem of a mature mulberry plant. 5. What is Sericulture? (ii) The stem in the trees is white in colour, soft and pliable. Products obtained. The main factors are a decrease in profitability of cocoon production and a shortage of people inheriting farms. Copyright. The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. What is the Process Followed in Sericulture? 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The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. Generally, the cocoon is spun in 2-3 days. What are the Challenges Faced in Sericulture? Silk farmers practicing sericulture are met with several challenges that could potentially destroy their harvest. In order to maintain humidity, foam strips are soaked in water and placed on the tray. The very nature of this industry with its rural based on-farm and off-farm activities and enormous employment generation … An image detailing the different types of silkworms is provided below.  The silk is used indigenously for preparation of chaddars (wraps) for own use by these tribals. Typically, 300-500 eggs are obtained from one female silk moth. Campaigns have been formed to protest against the inhumane treatment of silkworms by the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Sericulture in India is practiced mostly in the tropical regions involving six million people. Content Guidelines The muscardine infection, caused by fungi, can cause the larvae to become extremely feeble and eventually die. Now, the silk filaments are removed from the dead cocoon via a process called reeling. In Warring States Period (475 - 221 BC) silk and silk products became accessible to the population masses. These silk garlands are manufactured in Channapatna of Bangalore district. The silkworm larvae initially have a good appetite. Silk Products; Search form. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. In sericulture, the silkworm rearing process begins with the laying of eggs by the female silk moth. Top shoot harvesting – removal of the mulberry shoot tops. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. These plants can be grown via three different methods: The stem grafting method is the most commonly used method for mulberry plantation. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. During the process of sericulture, by-products and wastes are produced in addition to the silk fiber. After the extraction of the oil, the waste (cake) is used as poultry feed. When the cocoons are placed in boiling water for approximately 15 minutes, the adhesion of the silk threads reduces, enabling the separation of individual filaments. Some of these are –, (i) The fruits are edible; can also be used in the manufacture of alcoholic drinks. It is in great demand in the manufacture of sports goods specially cricket bats. These mature larvae now wrap themselves in a cocoon by secreting saliva from the two salivary glands on their heads. In the rest of the world, mulberry is generally used as forage in animal production, or for other purposes. Since silk is associated with a high cost, even the by-products and wastes have been exploited commercially to generate extra income and thus to increase profit. Privacy Policy 4. Bees are mainly reared for their honey. The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production. (iv) Various parts of the plant body have a high medicianl value and are used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine.
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